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Table 2 Linear regressions of changes in employment status on trade variables and individual characteristics

From: International trade and unemployment: towards an investigation of the Swiss case

Dependent variable: change in employment status
  No trade covariates Trade levels Trade levels, lagged Trade first diff. Trade first diff., lagged
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Trade covariates
 Imports   0.012 0.010 0.006 0.025
  (0.019) (0.019) (0.028) (0.027)
 Exports   − 0.001 − 0.002 0.013 − 0.014
  (0.019) (0.019) (0.030) (0.025)
 Imports*low-skilled   0.017** 0.016** − 0.002 − 0.002
  (0.008) (0.007) (0.060) (0.042)
 Imports*medium-skilled   0.002 0.001 0.007 − 0.027
  (0.005) (0.005) (0.036) (0.024)
 Exports*low-skilled   − 0.011* − 0.011* − 0.004 − 0.009
  (0.006) (0.006) (0.064) (0.028)
 Exports*medium-skilled   − 0.002 − 0.001 − 0.009 0.012
  (0.004) (0.004) (0.029) (0.024)
Industry characteristics
 ICT intensive − 0.005 0.001 0.002 − 0.006 − 0.009
(0.023) (0.026) (0.027) (0.023) (0.012)
 ICT intensive*low-skilled − 0.001 0.000 0.000 − 0.001 − 0.001
(0.008) (0.008) (0.008) (0.008) (0.008)
 ICT intensive*medium-skilled − 0.000 0.000 0.000 − 0.000 0.000
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.004) (0.005)
 GAV − 0.015 − 0.021 − 0.013 − 0.016 − 0.011
(0.019) (0.044) (0.044) (0.019) (0.017)
 GAV*low-skilled 0.009 0.012* 0.012* 0.009 0.009
(0.006) (0.007) (0.007) (0.006) (0.006)
 GAV*medium-skilled 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.001 0.001
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
Worker and job characteristics
 Low-skilled 0.013** − 0.000 0.001 0.013* 0.014**
(0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.008) (0.007)
 Medium-skilled 0.006** 0.006 0.007 0.006* 0.007**
(0.003) (0.006) (0.006) (0.004) (0.003)
 Foreigner 0.010** 0.010** 0.010** 0.010** 0.010**
(0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
 Age − 0.003** − 0.003** − 0.003** − 0.004** − 0.004**
(0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
 Age^2 0.000*** 0.000*** 0.000*** 0.000*** 0.000***
(0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
 Female 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001
(0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.004)
 Married − 0.009*** − 0.009*** − 0.009*** − 0.008*** − 0.008***
(0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
 Widowed − 0.019** − 0.019** − 0.019** − 0.018** − 0.018**
(0.008) (0.008) (0.008) (0.008) (0.007)
 Separated 0.007** 0.007** 0.008** 0.008** 0.008**
(0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.004)
 Part-time worker 0.012** 0.011** 0.011** 0.012** 0.012**
(0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005) (0.005)
 Temporary worker 0.113*** 0.113*** 0.112*** 0.113*** 0.113***
(0.030) (0.030) (0.030) (0.030) (0.030)
 Short tenure (< 1 year) 0.202*** 0.202*** 0.206*** 0.205*** 0.205***
(0.048) (0.048) (0.049) (0.049) (0.049)
 Medium tenure (1 to < 5 years) 0.017*** 0.017*** 0.017*** 0.017*** 0.017***
(0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006)
 Constant 0.478* 0.457* 0.496* 0.080** 0.078**
(0.267) (0.270) (0.283) (0.039) (0.039)
 Number of observations 20,928 20,928 20,895 20,878 20,866
 Adjusted R2 0.086 0.086 0.088 0.089 0.087
  1. Note: All regressions including year and industry fixed effects
  2. Source: Panel data set constructed using data from FOS (2009a), EZV (2009), KOF (2005) and FOS (2009b)
  3. *p < 0.10, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01