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Table 3 Positioning on the attitude axes—multilevel linear regression

From: Culture, money attitudes and economic outcomes

  Axis 1: prestige–power Axis 2: economical management Axis 3: goal-oriented
Estimate Sig. Estimate Sig. Estimate Sig.
Sex: 0 = woman, 1 = man .285 .000 − .102 .093 − .036 .553
Age: 0 = 26–30 years, 1 = 18–25 years − .054 .473 .142 .064 − .058 .440
Nationality: 0 = foreign, 1 = Swiss − .219 .045 − .121 .291 .190 .093
Residence: 0 = rural, 1 = urban .132 .845 − .094 .121 .004 .951
Linguistic region: ref. German-speaking
 French-speaking region .280 .000 .181 .017 .181 .007
 Italian-speaking region .209 .132 .203 .094 − .558 .000
Income level: ref. below CHF 1000 per month
 From CHF 1000 to CHF 2000 per month − .149 .131 − .103 .307 .096 .336
 From CHF 2001 to CHF 3000 per month − .055 .679 − .071 .602 .098 .470
 From CHF 3001 to CHF 4000 per month − .133 .344 .092 .522 .021 .882
 From CHF 4001 to CHF 5000 per month − .001 .994 .051 .724 .010 .947
 From CHF 5001 to CHF 6000 per month − .022 .888 .122 .445 .072 .648
 From CHF 6001 to CHF 7000 per month .233 .181 − .050 .779 .030 .864
 From CHF 7001 to CHF 8000 per month .420 .036 − .187 .358 .288 .153
Composition of the household: ref. with two parents
 With the mother − .088 .465 − .079 .522 .168 .167
 Alone − .167 .109 .027 .802 .077 .460
 As a couple − .235 .016 .045 .651 .089 .364
 As a couple, with child(ren) − .175 .138 − .037 .761 − .191 .108
 Other − .172 .066 − .092 .334 .171 .070
Level of education: ref. high (tertiary education)
 Low (elementary education) − .035 .828 − .106 .515 − .241 .136
 Medium (professional training) .070 .304 .262 .000 − .162 .019
Main activity: ref. in education
 Working (full-time and part-time work) − .126 .301 − .020 .873 .108 .381
 Other (unemployed, home management and disability) .118 .396 .161 .259 .056 .691
  1. Note: Significant results (p value < .05) are in bold. Estimation method is REML (restricted maximum likelihood). Variables are described in the Appendix