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Table 2 Determinants of the employment rate of asylum seekers

From: Are asylum seekers more likely to work with more inclusive labor market access regulations?

Dependant variableEmployment rate [0–100%] 
 2011–20142011–20142011–201420112011*
 (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
Mean dep. variable7.6927.6924.9355.5895.644
Labor market access [0–1]10.658***12.268***10.623***11.203***10.705***
 (2.144)(2.339)(1.813)(3.633)(3.361)
Basic assistance [0–1] − 3.2800.0902.6824.824
  (5.641)(3.263)(4.222)(4.346)
Integration [0–1] − 2.537*− 2.329*− 2.474− 3.427*
  (1.358)(1.302)(1.954)(1.973)
Population size, ln− 2.199***− 2.112***− 0.585− 0.501− 0.570
 (0.651)(0.618)(0.510)(0.958)(0.887)
Share of foreign residents0.1170.1760.0290.1620.211
 (0.143)(0.154)(0.109)(0.237)(0.218)
Rate of unemployment− 3.042**− 2.336*− 0.038− 1.475− 0.062
 (1.133)(1.270)(1.236)(1.983)(2.347)
GDP per capita, ln− 7.276**− 7.517***− 2.649− 6.329− 2.855
 (2.931)(2.662)(2.742)(4.440)(5.136)
Yes-share “against− 0.181*− 0.182− 0.150*− 0.131− 0.019
illegal immigration"(0.098)(0.109)(0.080)(0.114)(0.117)
Fraction of employment in     
- Catering and lodging0.831***0.842***0.3210.1880.367
 (0.285)(0.289)(0.231)(0.371)(0.372)
- Agriculture− 1.644***− 1.448***− 0.214− 0.3020.704
 (0.358)(0.402)(0.530)(0.806)(1.137)
- Construction− 0.053− 0.0460.230− 0.006− 0.231
 (0.577)(0.531)(0.517)(0.757)(0.722)
Fraction of Romance− 0.003− 0.024− 0.0250.010− 0.010
language speakers(0.030)(0.034)(0.035)(0.054)(0.056)
Year FEYesYesYesNoNo
Country-of-origin FENoNoYesYesYes
No. of observations9696401410281018
No. of clusters2424242423
Adj.R20.7360.7450.1810.1970.203
  1. Notes: Columns (1) and (2) use data at the cantonal level, and columns (3) to (5) exploit disaggregated data at the canton-nationality level
  2. *The specification in column (5) excludes cantons stating to apply a total ban. Standard errors are clustered at the cantonal level and are reported in parentheses
  3. Significance levels: *.05<p<.1, **.01<p<.05, *** p<.01
  4. Data sources:Wichmann et al. (2011), Swiss State Secretariat for Migration, and Federal Statistical Office