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Table 12 DiD estimates: effect of lunchtime and after-school care on cantonal taxes

From: How the provision of childcare affects attitudes towards maternal employment

Household inc. (in CHF) 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 500,000 1,000,000
Married, no children
Provision 0.11*** 0.18*** 0.14*** 0.03*** −0.06*** −0.11*** −0.11*** −0.08*** −0.09*** −0.18*** −0.28*** −0.51*** -0.60***
  (0.023) (0.040) (0.030) (0.007) (0.013) (0.023) (0.024) (0.017) (0.019) (0.039) (0.061) (0.111) (0.130)
Regulation −0.26*** 0.04 0.11*** 0.23*** 0.44*** 0.59*** 0.69*** 0.69*** 0.78*** 1.18*** 1.57*** 2.49*** 2.57***
  (0.024) (0.027) (0.031) (0.029) (0.030) (0.034) (0.036) (0.041) (0.046) (0.068) (0.078) (0.112) (0.115)
Married, two children
Provision 0.00*** 0.04*** 0.08*** 0.32*** 0.32*** 0.24*** 0.18*** 0.07*** 0.03*** −0.04*** −0.14*** −0.47*** −0.58***
  (0.000) (0.009) (0.017) (0.070) (0.069) (0.052) (0.040) (0.014) (0.006) (0.008) (0.030) (0.102) (0.126)
Regulation 0.02*** −0.00 −0.12*** −0.47*** −0.54*** −0.39*** −0.14*** 0.13*** 0.23*** 0.65*** 1.07*** 2.43*** 2.46***
  (0.004) (0.014) (0.018) (0.052) (0.050) (0.046) (0.045) (0.043) (0.042) (0.061) (0.072) (0.122) (0.112)
Single
Provision 0.14*** −0.05*** −0.08*** −0.16*** −0.19*** −0.22*** −0.21*** −0.22*** −0.22*** −0.33*** −0.39*** −0.57*** −0.63***
  (0.031) (0.010) (0.017) (0.034) (0.041) (0.047) (0.045) (0.048) (0.048) (0.072) (0.086) (0.123) (0.137)
Regulation 0.17*** 0.46*** 0.36*** 0.52*** 0.64*** 0.77*** 0.82*** 0.90*** 1.02*** 1.52*** 1.87*** 2.68*** 2.95***
  (0.033) (0.032) (0.028) (0.038) (0.044) (0.050) (0.056) (0.062) (0.066) (0.086) (0.096) (0.114) (0.117)
Municipality FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ballot FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Number of mun. 922 922 922 922 922 922 922 922 922 922 922 922 922
Number of obs. 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688 3688
  1. This table presents the DiD estimates, \(\hat {\mu _{1}}\) and \(\hat {\mu _{2}}\), of Equation (2). The regulation coefficient shows the differential change in cantonal taxes of municipalities in cantons with regulation compared to municipalities in cantons without regulation regarding lunchtime and after-school care in public schools, controlling for the differences in provision within the treated cantons. The provision coefficient estimates the differential change in cantonal taxes in municipalities which introduce lunchtime and after-school care as a consequence of the new regulation compared to those which do not. In all specifications, population weights are applied to account for the fact that municipalities differ in their population. The numbers in parentheses show the standard errors, clustered at the municipal level. *p <0.10, **p <0.05, ***p <0.01