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Table 13 Descriptive statistics for municipalities with the canton of Bern only

From: How the provision of childcare affects attitudes towards maternal employment

  Mat. leave I   Mat. leave II   Family policy   Family init.  
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
No provision
Share of Yes votes 29.06 (12.55) 44.51 (11.59) 38.74 (11.65) 44.48 (8.75)
Tax multiplier 2.59 (0.23) 1.80 (0.22) 1.73 (0.20) 1.73 (0.20)
Share of SPP voters 46.63 (13.34) 46.37 (12.81) 43.42 (11.19) 43.42 (11.19)
Share of SP voters 19.24 (8.43) 18.93 (8.26) 12.23 (5.83) 12.23 (5.83)
Voter turnout 45.47 (8.33) 48.74 (7.19) 42.36 (6.28) 54.92 (10.89)
Births in % of pop 1.08 (0.47) 4.80 (1.23) 12.95 (2.78) 12.95 (2.78)
Deaths in % of pop 1.00 (0.56) 4.50 (1.27) 12.49 (3.13) 12.49 (3.13)
Immigrants in % of pop 6.16 (2.63) 30.74 (8.94) 88.26 (20.38) 88.26 (20.38)
Emigrants in % of pop 6.35 (2.34) 30.43 (7.87) 87.55 (19.76) 87.55 (19.76)
Population in 1000 0.87 (0.85) 0.88 (0.85) 0.90 (0.87) 0.90 (0.87)
Number of mun. 200   200   199   199  
Cost > median
Share of Yes votes 33.19 (11.30) 51.88 (11.22) 44.07 (11.25) 51.47 (9.07)
Tax multiplier 2.44 (0.28) 1.71 (0.23) 1.63 (0.21) 1.63 (0.21)
Share of SPP voters 35.29 (14.67) 35.71 (13.74) 33.88 (11.01) 33.88 (11.01)
Share of SP voters 23.17 (7.40) 23.82 (7.76) 16.04 (5.84) 16.04 (5.84)
Voter turnout 46.99 (5.75) 51.58 (5.61) 43.13 (5.23) 54.57 (8.67)
Births in % of pop 1.02 (0.28) 4.57 (0.97) 11.92 (2.45) 11.92 (2.45)
Deaths in % of pop 0.89 (0.35) 4.24 (1.05) 11.20 (3.08) 11.20 (3.08)
Immigrants in % of pop 6.31 (1.45) 33.21 (6.25) 90.15 (18.42) 90.15 (18.42)
Emigrants in % of pop 6.46 (1.61) 31.42 (5.59) 83.35 (16.70) 83.35 (16.70)
Population in 1000 2.85 (2.48) 2.91 (2.53) 3.10 (2.67) 3.10 (2.67)
Number of mun. 57   57   57   57  
Cost ≤ median
Share of Yes votes 30.35 (7.68) 48.89 (8.18) 42.96 (8.04) 50.57 (7.00)
Tax multiplier 2.56 (0.19) 1.77 (0.19) 1.68 (0.18) 1.68 (0.18)
Share of SPP voters 35.09 (9.69) 35.85 (8.87) 35.18 (7.42) 35.18 (7.42)
Share of SP voters 24.54 (6.23) 25.66 (6.22) 16.23 (5.19) 16.23 (5.19)
Voter turnout 45.37 (5.03) 49.79 (4.95) 42.03 (5.35) 51.85 (7.01)
Births in % of pop 1.03 (0.25) 4.71 (0.71) 12.05 (2.16) 12.05 (2.16)
Deaths in % of pop 0.95 (0.28) 4.53 (1.04) 11.70 (2.95) 11.70 (2.95)
Immigrants in % of pop 7.04 (2.45) 34.71 (9.52) 94.36 (20.86) 94.36 (20.86)
Emigrants in % of pop 6.89 (2.89) 32.76 (8.85) 87.94 (19.90) 87.94 (19.90)
Population in 1000 3.78 (6.48) 3.84 (6.47) 4.08 (7.03) 4.08 (7.03)
Number of mun. 58   58   58   58  
  1. This table shows descriptive statistics for municipalities in the canton of Bern included in the analyses. It distinguishes between municipalities with no provision, municipalities with provision and costs above median costs, and municipalities with provision and costs smaller or equal to median costs. Here, costs refer to per capita costs of lunchtime and after-school care after parental contributions and after redistribution between municipalities