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Table 3 DiD estimates using post-vote survey data: effect of lunchtime and after-school care on vote outcomes and attitudes towards gender equality

From: How the provision of childcare affects attitudes towards maternal employment

Dependent variable Yes   Gender equality  
  (1) (2) (3) (4)
Cant. with regulation × post − 0.006 − 0.015 0.166*** 0.152**
  (0.050) (0.059) (0.051) (0.060)
Parent   0.053   0.057
   (0.054)   (0.057)
Cant. with regulation × parent   0.069   − 0.011
   (0.082)   (0.084)
Parent × post   − 0.173**   0.013
   (0.076)   (0.078)
Cant. with regulation × parent × post   0.009   0.030
   (0.111)   (0.113)
Ballot FE Yes Yes Yes Yes
Canton FE Yes Yes Yes Yes
Number of observations 1476 1476 1476 1476
R-squared 0.09 0.10 0.03 0.03
  1. This table presents the results of the estimations using post-vote surveys. In the first two specifications, the dependent variable is Yes and takes value 1 if an individual stated they voted yes in the post-vote survey and 0 otherwise. In specifications (3) and (4), the dependent variable is Gender equality and takes value 1 if an individual stated they are in favor of Switzerland actively promoting gender equality and 0 otherwise. Cant. with regulation × parent × post shows the differential change in the dependent variable of parents compared to non-parents in cantons with regulation in the post period. Only data of individuals living in cantons used for the main analysis are used for the estimation. Individuals living in municipalities with a population of more than 100,000 are excluded from the sample to match the sample used for the rest of the analyses. Ballot FE and Canton FE are used in all specifications. I cannot introduce municipality FE as in the rest of the analyses as there is no municipality identifier in the post-vote survey. The numbers in parentheses show robust standard errors. *p <0.10, **p <0.05, ***p <0.01