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Table 4 Exposure to minimum wage regulation for restaurants in Neuchâtel

From: Minimum wage regulation in Switzerland: survey evidence for restaurants in the canton of Neuchâtel

   \(\underline {W}>19.78\)   \(\underline {W}<19.78\)    
  N N Mean N Mean Diff. T-stat
Panel a: Pre-treatment outcomes
Employment and wages
Headcount employment 52 28 4.00 24 3.50 –0.50 (–0.65)
FTE employment 45 26 3.30 19 2.54 –0.76 (–0.98)
Average wage (CHF/hour) 52 28 23.27 24 20.90 –2.38*** (–3.84)
Ordinary restaurants 52 28 0.29 24 0.17 –0.12 (–1.02)
Workforce composition (within restaurant shares)
Part-time workers 52 28 0.56 24 0.54 –0.02 (–0.19)
Workers without qualification 52 28 0.76 24 0.73 –0.03 (–0.34)
Young workers (< 25 years old) 52 28 0.16 24 0.23 0.07 (0.82)
Prices (CHF)
3dl soda 52 28 3.69 24 3.69 –0.01 (–0.05)
Coffee 49 27 3.43 22 3.49 0.06 (0.85)
Daily special 52 28 17.73 24 17.66 0.03 (0.04)
Restaurant capacity
Seating capacity 52 28 94.18 24 85.83 –8.35 (–0.64)
Daily meals served (Mon-Thu) 52 28 47.82 24 33.17 –14.65 (–1.63)
Daily meals served (Fri-Sun) 52 28 60.00 24 33.33 –26.67** (–2.25)
Panel (b): Minimum wage exposure
Lowest wage (\(\underline {W}\), CHF/hour) 52 28 22.67 24 18.49 –4.18*** (–10.57)
Share of workers below \(\underline {W}\) 52 28 0.00 24 0.51 0.51*** (9.22)
Minimum wage gap (% of total wage bill) 45 26 0.00 19 0.04 0.04*** (4.14)
  1. Notes: This table reports pre-treatment averages for restaurants in Neuchâtel with and without employees paid below W=19.78, excluding data for managers and members of their family. \(\underline {W}\) denotes the lowest hourly wage rate in restaurant. FTE employment is based on reported work-time information for each employee and computed only for restaurants with complete working time data. Workers without qualification are employees without a professional degree. Heteroskedasticity-robust t-statistics reported. ,, and denote statistical significance at 10%, 5%, and 1%, respectively