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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of employed people by recent labor market history, means

From: Back to work: the effect of a long-term career interruption on subsequent wages in Switzerland

  Reported long-term career interruption in previous interview
Yes No Difference
Personal characteristics
 Female 0.67 (0.47) 0.50 (0.50) 0.17 (0.03)a
 Age 36.24 (12.72) 43.85 (11.37) -7.61 (0.62)a
 Married 0.42 (0.49) 0.58 (0.49) -0.16 (0.03)a
 Children 1.02 (1.20) 1.38 (1.23) -0.36 (0.07)a
 Children in household (0 to 17 years) 0.70 (0.96) 0.68 (0.99) 0.02 (0.05)
 Tertiary education 0.22 (0.42) 0.30 (0.46) -0.07 (0.03)a
Job and workplace characteristics
 Fixed-term contract 0.30 (0.46) 0.06 (0.23) 0.25 (0.01)a
 Part-time work 0.65 (0.48) 0.39 (0.49) 0.26 (0.03)a
 Weekly hours 26.91 (13.03) 34.88 (10.00) -7.97 (0.55)a
 Hourly wage (CHF) 25.82 (12.86) 38.88 (14.97) -13.06 (0.82)a
Firm size
 1-9 employees 0.26 (0.44) 0.13 (0.34) 0.13 (0.02)a
 10-49 employees 0.31 (0.46) 0.27 (0.44) 0.04 (0.02)
 50-99 employees 0.10 (0.31) 0.12 (0.33) -0.02 (0.02)
 100-499 employees 0.20 (0.40) 0.24 (0.43) -0.04 (0.02)c
 ≥ 500 employees 0.13 (0.33) 0.23 (0.42) -0.11 (0.02)a
Type of job
 High skilled white collar 0.47 (0.50) 0.60 (0.49) -0.13 (0.03)a
 Low skilled white collar 0.36 (0.48) 0.24 (0.43) 0.11 (0.02)a
 High skilled blue collar 0.06 (0.24) 0.10 (0.30) -0.04 (0.02)b
 Low skilled blue collar 0.11 (0.32) 0.06 (0.24) 0.05 (0.01)a
Sector
 Agriculture, hunting, forestry 0.01 (0.12) 0.01 (0.09) 0.01 (0.01)
 Manufacturing 0.11 (0.31) 0.16 (0.36) -0.05 (0.02)b
 Construction 0.04 (0.19) 0.04 (0.20) -0.00 (0.01)
 Wholesale, retail; repair motor vehicles, household goods 0.14 (0.35) 0.11 (0.32) 0.03 (0.02)c
 Hotels and restaurants 0.05 (0.21) 0.02 (0.14) 0.03 (0.01)a
 Transport, storage, communication 0.06 (0.23) 0.06 (0.24) -0.00 (0.01)
 Financial intermediation, insurance 0.04 (0.19) 0.07 (0.26) -0.03 (0.01)b
 Real estate, renting, computer, research 0.16 (0.36) 0.11 (0.31) 0.05 (0.02)a
 Public administration, national defence, compulsory social security 0.07 (0.26) 0.09 (0.29) -0.02 (0.02)
 Education 0.07 (0.26) 0.11 (0.31) -0.03 (0.02)b
 Health and social work 0.19 (0.39) 0.16 (0.37) 0.03 (0.02)c
 Other community, social and personal service activities 0.05 (0.21) 0.05 (0.22) -0.01 (0.01)
 Other sectors 0.01 (0.11) 0.01 (0.11) 0.00 (0.01)
Final period of education in previous year 0.14 (0.35) 0.04 (0.20) 0.10 (0.01)a
Further education in previous year 0.20 (0.40) 0.39 (0.49) -0.19 (0.03)a
# Person-year observations 338 31,610  
  1. Source: Swiss Household Panel (SHP), own calculations
  2. Standard deviations are in parentheses. The sample corresponds to the sample used in the estimation of Eq. (1) where j = 1. a significant at the 1% level, b significant at the 5% level, c significant at the 10% level.