- Open Access
Socialisation, trust and reciprocity among young people
Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics volume 148, pages 77–95 (2012)
This paper analyzes the contribution of youth’s different time allocations to positive behaviors in exchanges. Psychologists highlight that time spent within voluntary organizations fosters positive development. The paper aims at deepening the knowledge of the psychological bases of the observed outcomes of a basic trust game. Undergraduate students played a basic trust game; after this, information about the use of their spare time was collected. Higher passed amounts positively correlate with time spent in youth organizations. The main novelties of the paper are: the way social capital is measured and the strong link with the psychological literature.
Berg, J. E., J. Dickhaut and K. McCabe (1995), “Trust, Reciprocity and Social History”, Games and Economic Behavior, 10, pp. 122–142.
Bouckaert, J., and G. Dhaene (2004), “Inter-Ethnic Trust and Reciprocity: Results of an Experiment with Small Businessmen”, European Journal of Political Economy, 20, pp. 869–886.
Brehm, J., and W. Rahn (1997), “Individual-level Evidence for the Causes and Consequences of Social Capital”, American Journal of Political Science, 41, pp. 999–1023.
Caldwin, L. L., and C. K. Baldwin (2003), “The Role of Leisure Time and Recreation Activities in Positive Youth Development”, in: Community Youth Development. Programs, Policies and Practices, F. A. Villaruel, D. F. Perkins, L. M. Borden and J. G. Keith, eds, London: SAGE Publication.
Camerer, C. (2003), Behavioral Game Theory. Experiments in Strategic Interaction, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Claibourn, M. P., and P. S. Martin (2000), “Trusting and Joining? An Empirical Test of the Reciprocal Nature of Social Capital”, Political Behaviour, 22, pp. 267–291.
Croson, R., and N. Buchan (1999), “Gender and Culture: International Experimental Evidence from Trust Games”, The American Economic Review, 89, pp. 386–391.
Durlauf, S. N., and M. Fafchamps (2004), “Social Capital”, in Handbook of Economic Growth, P. Aghion and S. Durlauf, eds, pp. 1639–1699; Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Easterly, W. (2001), The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists’ Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics, Cambridge: MIT Press.
Eckel C., and P. J. Grossman (2000), “Volunteers and Pseudo-Volunteers: The Effect of Recruitment Method in Dictator Experiments”, Experimental Economics, 3, pp. 107–120.
Fehr, E., and K. M. Schmidt (1999), “A Theory of Fairness, Competition and Cooperation”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 108, pp. 437–460.
Furano, K., P. A. Roaf, M. B. Styles and A. Y. Branch (1993), Big Brothers/Big Sisters: a Study of Program Practices, Philadelphia: Public/Private Ventures.
Hansen, D. M., R. W. Larson and J. B. Dworkin (2003), “What Adolescents Learn in Organized Youth Activities: a Survey of Self-Reported Developmental Experiences”, Journal of Research on Adolescence, 13, pp. 25–55.
Harris-White, B. (2003), “India’s Pluralism and Its Implications for the Economy”, in India Working: Essays on Society and Economy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Harter, S. (1990), “Self and Identity Development”, in: At the Threshold: the Developing Adolescent, S.S. Feldman and G.R. Elliot, eds., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Hurtes, K. P., L. R. Allen, B. W. Stevens and C. Lee (2000), “Benefit-Based Programming: Making an Impact on Youth”,Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 18, pp. 34–49.
Jennings, M. K., and L. Stoker (2004), “Social Trust and Civic Engagement across Time and Generations”, Acta Politica, 39, pp. 342–379.
Jarret, R. L., P. J. Sullivan and N. D. Watkins (2005), “Developing Social Capital Through Participation in Organized Youth Programs: Qualitative Insights from Three Programs”, Journal of Community Psychology, 33, pp. 41–55.
Karlan, D. (2005), “Using Experimental Economics to Measure Social Capital and Predict Financial Decisions”, The American Economic Review, 95, pp. 1688–1699.
Kleiber, D. A., and C. E. Kirshnit (1991), “Sport Involvement and Identity Formation”, in: Mini-body Maturity: Psychological Approaches to Sport, Exercise and Fitness, L. Diamante, ed., New York: Hemisphere.
Kleiber, D. A. (1999), Leisure Experience and Human Development: A Dialectical Interpretation, New York: Basic Books.
Krawczyk, M. (2011), “What Brings Your Subjects to the Lab? A Field Experiment”, Experimental Economics, in press.
Larson, R. W. (1994), “Youth Organizations, Hobbies and Sports as Developmental Contexts”, in: Adolescence in Context, R. K. Silbereisen, E. Todt and G. Rudinger, eds, New York: Springer-Verlag.
Larson, R. W. (2000), “Towards a Psychology of Positive Youth Development”, American Psychologist, 55, pp. 170–183.
McCabe, K. A., M. L. Rigdon and V. L. Smith (2003), “Positive Reciprocity and Intentions in Trust Games”, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 52 pp. 267–275.
Meier, S., and B. S. Frey (2004), “Do Business Students Make Good Citizens?”, International Journal of the Economics of Business, 11, pp. 141–163.
Migheli, M. (forthcoming), “Assessing Trust through Social Capital? A Possible Experimental Answer”, The American Journal of Economics and Sociology.
Putnam, R. (1993), Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Rich, G. J. (2003), “The Positive Psychology of Youth and Adolescence”, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32 pp. 1–3.
Rotemberg, J. (2004), Minimally Acceptable Altruism and the Ultimatum Game, Harvard University, mimeo.
Shah, D. (1998), “Civic Engagement, Interpersonal Trust, and Television Use: an Individual-level Assessment of Social Capital”, Political Psychology, 19, pp. 469–496.
Stanley, T. D., and U. Tran (1998), “Economics Students Need not Be Greedy: Fairness and the Ultimatum Game”, Journal of Socio-Economics, 27, pp. 657–664.
Stolle, D., and M. Hooghe (2004), “The Roots of Social Capital: Attitudinal and Network Mechanisms in the Relation between Youth and Adult Indicators of Social Capital”, Acta Politica, 39, pp. 422–441.
Tierney, J. P., J. B. Grossman and N. L. Resch (1995), “Leisure and Identity Formation in Male and Female Adolescents: a Preliminary Examination”, Journal of Leisure Research, 27, pp. 245–263.
Uslaner, E. M. (2002), The Moral Foundations of Trust. New York, Cambridge University Press.
Weissberg, R. P., and M. U. O’Brien (2004), “What Works in School-Based Social and Emotional Learning Programs for Positive Youth Development”, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 591, pp. 86–97.
Yunus, M. (2003), The Banker to the Poor. Jackson TN: Perseus Publishing.
About this article
Cite this article
Migheli, M. Socialisation, trust and reciprocity among young people. Swiss J Economics Statistics 148, 77–95 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03399361
- social capital