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Table 4 Summary statistics

From: How does depreciations management affect subsequent fiscal performance? The case of the Swiss cantons

Variables Domain Unit Mean Std. dev. Min Max
Balancea R CHF/inhabitants 129.914 514.013 − 3151.512 2370.750
Revenuesa R+ CHF/inhabitants 8435.790 3351.761 4039.267 27755.070
Expensesa R+ CHF/inhabitants 8305.876 3333.784 3760.656 26766.070
ADa R+ CHF/inhabitants 105.683 250.608 0.000 2819.444
Growthb R Percentage 1.708 2.450 − 7.504 9.635
Unemploymentc R+ Percentage 2.148 1.723 0.000 7.800
Elderlyd R+ Percentage 15.020 2.174 10.142 21.756
Leaninge [0–10] Index 5.550 0.514 4.220 7.057
Fragmentatione,f R+ Count 3.437 0.935 1.000 5.000
Concordancee R+ Percentage 78.300 22.900 0.000 100.000
Departmentsf R+ Count 7.145 2.174 4.000 13.000
Electione 0 or 1 Dummy 0.276 0.447 0.000 1.000
Initiatived,e,f,g [0–6] Index 4.497 1.138 2.333 6.000
Referendumd,e,f,g [0–6] Index 3.931 1.181 1.000 6.000
Rulesh [0–3] Index 0.529 0.954 0.000 3.000
Misestimationa R CHF/inhabitants − 86.072 230.030 − 2145.395 1227.752
N = 729       
  1. aAnnual financial reports of the 26 cantons, compilation by the authors
  2. bBAK Basel
  3. cState Secretariat for Economic Affairs
  4. dSwiss Federal Statistical Office
  5. eAnnée politique suisse
  6. fBADAC-Database on Swiss cantons and cities
  7. gFinanzdirektorenkonferenz
  8. hLuechinger and Schaltegger (2013)