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Table 2 Time trends of exogenous parameters facing the Swiss economy in all scenarios

From: Cost distribution and equity of climate policy in Switzerland

  2010 2020 2035 2050
Population (million) 7.79 8.68 9.8 10.3
Crude oil price (2010 US$/barrel) 78 105 120 129
Gas price (2010 US$/MBtu) 7.5 10.4 11.7 12.4
EU electricity prices (2013 €/MWh) 133 150 160 159
EU ETS permit price (2010 €/tCO2e) 15 15 57 239
  1. Note: Scenario drivers were given by the Swiss Energy Modelling Platform (SEMP). For sources of scenarios see Landis, Marcucci, et al. (2018)