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Table 4 OLS estimates for Germany 28 days after the start of the county-specific epidemic with fatalities per 10,000 inhabitants as outcome variable

From: Timing matters: the impact of response measures on COVID-19-related hospitalization and death rates in Germany and Switzerland

  Estimate Standard error
Intercept −1.1628 0.6661
Intermediate timing 0.3348 0.1403
Late timing 0.5729 0.2663
Share of population aged 65+ −6.4132 2.8281
Population: 0–105,878 0.4388 0.2112
Population: 105,879–158,080 0.2848 0.135
Population: 158,081–251,534 0.0665 0.0985
Population density: 0–117.3 0.0801 0.1425
Population density: 117.3–206.7 0.1201 0.1454
Population density: 206.7–779.7 0.0613 0.1347
Income per capita: 0–27,934 −0.1437 0.1561
Income per capita: 27,935–33,109 −0.1721 0.1439
Income per capita: 33,110–40,506 0.0568 0.1749
Share of confirmed infections aged 80+ prior to lockdown 4.4466 2.1463
80+ mortality rate (per 1000 inhabitants), 2017 0.2066 0.091
Share of respiratory disease-related deaths, 2016 0.9538 3.7197
Hospital beds per 1000 inhabitants −0.0329 0.0184
Initial growth trend for confirmed cases in log points: 0–0.14 −0.1188 0.1852
Initial growth trend for confirmed cases in log points: 0.14–0.21 −0.089 0.1407
Initial growth trend for confirmed cases in log points: 0.21–0.28 −0.0369 0.136
Confirmed infections per 10,000 inhabitants on epidemic day 4 0.2556 0.0805
Recommendation against events with > 1000 visitors 0.1594 0.0985
Ban of events with > 1000 visitors 0.7132 0.141
Curfew 0.2403 0.1111