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Table 10 DiD estimates of the introduction of lunchtime and after-school care on a set of covariates, including cantonal time trends

From: How the provision of childcare affects attitudes towards maternal employment

Dep. var. Tax Multiplier Turnout Births Immig. Emig.
  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
Provision 0.45 -1.96*** -0.49* 2.93 -1.19
  (0.63) (0.66) (0.27) (2.06) (2.16)
Municipality FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Canton x ballot FE Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Number of Mun. 922 915 922 922 922
Number of Obs. 3688 3658 3688 3688 3688
  1. Notes: This table presents the DiD estimates, \(\hat {\gamma _{1}}\) and \(\hat {\gamma _{2}}\), of Eq. (1), but with variables other than vote outcomes as the dependent variable. The regulation coefficient shows the differential change in these covariates of municipalities in cantons with regulation compared to municipalities in cantons without regulation regarding lunchtime and after-school care in public schools, controlling for the differences in provision within the treated cantons. The provision coefficient estimates the differential change in the covariates in municipalities which introduce lunchtime and after-school care as a consequence of the new regulation compared to those which do not. The Regulation coefficient can no longer be identified in the presence of canton × Ballot FE due to collinearity. The numbers in parentheses show the standard errors, clustered at the municipal level. In all specifications, population weights are applied to account for the fact, that municipalities differ in their size. * p <0.10, ** p <0.05, *** p <0.01