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Table 8 Descriptive Statistics

From: How the provision of childcare affects attitudes towards maternal employment

  Mat. Leave I   Mat. Leave II   Family Policy   Family Init.  
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Regulation and Provision         
Share of Yes votes 31.41 (8.13) 49.15 (8.76) 44.05 (8.29) 51.88 (7.47)
Tax multiplier 48.91 (57.54) 44.62 (53.31) 43.21 (51.64) 43.21 (51.64)
Share of SPP voters 37.69 (11.24) 38.26 (10.64) 36.10 (8.64) 36.10 (8.64)
Share of SP voters 22.29 (6.30) 22.79 (6.61) 15.29 (4.88) 15.29 (4.88)
Voter turnout 47.05 (5.27) 53.69 (6.15) 44.78 (6.36) 54.67 (7.26)
Births in % of pop 1.06 (0.26) 4.80 (0.84) 12.37 (2.08) 12.37 (2.08)
Deaths in % of pop 0.82 (0.31) 3.86 (1.15) 10.08 (3.11) 10.08 (3.11)
Immigrants in % of pop 7.49 (2.23) 36.18 (8.02) 97.61 (18.62) 97.61 (18.62)
Emigrants in % of pop 7.10 (2.09) 33.43 (7.14) 89.08 (16.96) 89.08 (16.96)
Population in 1000 3.78 (4.58) 3.93 (4.66) 4.32 (5.19) 4.32 (5.19)
Number of Mun. 192   192   192   192  
Regulation and No Provision         
Share of Yes votes 28.94 (11.75) 44.21 (11.15) 38.99 (10.99) 44.98 (8.53)
Tax multiplier 20.24 (43.07) 18.22 (40.08) 17.83 (39.22) 17.83 (39.22)
Share of SPP voters 47.20 (12.89) 46.77 (12.28) 43.53 (10.82) 43.53 (10.82)
Share of SP voters 19.00 (8.13) 18.66 (7.94) 12.09 (5.55) 12.09 (5.55)
Voter turnout 46.50 (8.25) 50.75 (8.41) 43.61 (6.82) 55.67 (10.40)
Births in % of pop 1.08 (0.45) 4.83 (1.25) 12.94 (2.68) 12.94 (2.68)
Deaths in % of pop 0.95 (0.54) 4.29 (1.32) 11.88 (3.32) 11.88 (3.32)
Immigrants in % of pop 6.35 (2.56) 31.40 (8.75) 89.44 (20.01) 89.44 (20.01)
Emigrants in % of pop 6.40 (2.31) 30.60 (7.78) 87.71 (19.29) 87.71 (19.29)
Population in 1000 0.91 (0.85) 0.92 (0.86) 0.95 (0.91) 0.95 (0.91)
Number of Mun. 234   234   233   233  
No Regulation         
Share of Yes votes 22.11 (6.05) 37.77 (8.06) 39.96 (6.93) 50.08 (6.74)
Tax multiplier 121.74 (70.71) 116.82 (63.79) 104.60 (54.56) 104.60 (54.56)
Share of SPP voters 34.17 (10.28) 37.99 (10.94) 38.59 (9.01) 38.59 (9.01)
Share of SP voters 13.90 (6.92) 15.08 (7.53) 13.12 (6.31) 13.12 (6.31)
Voter turnout 47.83 (7.65) 55.42 (6.77) 46.39 (7.54) 53.84 (6.33)
Births in % of pop 1.16 (0.34) 5.05 (1.02) 12.53 (2.85) 12.53 (2.85)
Deaths in % of pop 0.72 (0.28) 3.46 (0.95) 8.75 (2.62) 8.75 (2.62)
Immigrants in % of pop 6.78 (2.05) 32.73 (7.85) 90.06 (24.25) 90.06 (24.25)
Emigrants in % of pop 6.63 (1.86) 31.08 (7.22) 82.12 (22.80) 82.12 (22.80)
Population in 1000 2.76 (3.31) 2.87 (3.44) 3.21 (3.77) 3.21 (3.77)
Number of Mun. 453   453   453   453  
  1. Notes: This table shows descriptive statistics for the municipalities included in the main analysis and for each of the three groups (no regulation, regulation and provision, regulation and no provision